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1.3 Landscapes below 500 m of low relief

1. Eastern Uplands (EU)

1.3.1 Low relief landscapes at low elevation (Cann River south, Silvan, Templestowe)
1.3.2 Enclosed landscapes of low relief (Murmungee, Omeo, Dargo, Buldah)
1.3.3 Terraces, fans and floodplains (Kiewa Valley, Wonnangatta Valley)
1.3.4 Karst with depressions (Buchan)

This unit contains landscapes of low relief at the bottom of the geomorphological erosional sequence in the Eastern Uplands where further down-cutting of the drainage system is limited by regional base-levels, either sea level for the southern part of unit 1.3.1 where the coast is its southern margin, or more local base levels for the northern part and for units 1.3.2, 1.3.3 and 1.3.4.

Unit 1.3.4 is distinctive because it is on a small outcrop of Devonian limestone, relatively rare in the Eastern Uplands, and has many characteristic kast features.

On the southern side of the Eastern Uplands this landscape occurs as a dissected plateau-like surface known as the Nillumbik Terrrain. It extends from the eastern suburbs of Melbourne (e.g. Camberwell and Templestowe) around Mt Dandenong (including Silvan and Wandin) through Gembrook and as far east as Bairnsdale. It may extend further eastwards as gravel-capped flattened spurs fringing the higher uplands to Cann River and even beyond.
Image: 1.3

Unit 1.3.3 consists predominantly of the alluvial sediments of the flood plains and terraces that have accumulated in the lower reaches of the main streams, and colluvial material of the fans that form the apron between generally planar alluvial landscape and the steeper, confining valley-side slopes. The remainder of this Tier is formed on predominantly Palaeozoic sedimentary rocks and some granitic igneous rocks.

The confined alluvial terraces, fans and floodplains (1.3.3) make up the landscapes of the lowest parts of the Eastern Uplands where they merge with the extensive (unconfined) floodplains and terraces of the Northern Riverine Plains (Tier 4) and the Eastern Plains (Tier 7). The boundary between these and the Eastern Uplands is largely drawn to include the remnants of the major drainage divides represented by the low hills and ridges of Tier 1.4.5 and 1.4.6 that still reflect the confining structures that typify this Tier.

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