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Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima) (Nox)

Invasive Assessment | Impact Assessment | Potential Distribution | Present Distribution

Scientifc name: Ailanthus altissima (Miller) Swingle

Common Name:

Tree of heaven


Noxious weed. The Agriculture Victoria website has information about the noxious weed classification of this species.


Humid or subhumid warm-temperate regions, growing mainly on clay or loam soils in areas of moderate rainfall (Parsons and Cuthbertson 1992). It persists as a weed on old homestead sites and other plantings from where it spreads to surrounding areas, particularly along gullies (Parsons and Cuthbertson 1992). It can withstand harsh urban environments better than most plants (Parsons and Cuthbertson 1992). Tree of heaven invades dry sclerophyll forest and woodland and riparian vegetation (Carr
et al 1992).

Photo: Tree of Heaven
Tree of heaven
Photo: Mark Imhof
Photo: Tree of Heaven seeds
Tree of heaven seeds
Photo: Mark Imhof

Related Links

Information on Tree of heaven on the US National Invasive Species Council website (external link).

Weed Identification Note for Tree of heaven on the Weeds Australia website (external link). Information is provided on the generalised current distribution in Australia as well as other information such as origin, distinguishing features, dispersal etc.
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