|Scientific name:||Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd.|
Subtropical or tropical open woodlands and shrubby grasslands. Usually occurs on shallow to medium depth sandy loams. Occurs as a weedy shrub on overgrazed grasslands in India and Burma (Parsons & Cuthbertson 2001). Occurs naturally in mixed deciduous forests and savannas of lower mountains and hills. Especially common in drier regions on sandy soils and riverbanks and watersheds. Altitude 0 - 1,500 m; Mean annual temperature 32 - 39 deg. C; Mean annual rainfall 500 - 2,000 mm (World Agroforestry Centre 2005).