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Water Plantain

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Water Plantain photos

Scientific Name:Alisma plantago-aquatica
Water-plantain plant
Water Plantain plant
Photo: A J Brown


A native of Europe, western Asia and northern and central Africa. Also considered native to Australia.

Plant Description:

An emergent aquatic, perennial herb with ovate to oblong-elliptic, leaves to 28 cm long and 10 cm wide, on 1.5-1 cm wide, leaf stalks to 80 cm long with semi-transparent, membranous wings at their bases.

Flower-heads erect and panicle-like with flowers arranged in one to several successive whorls; each whorl of 3-8 flowers and each flower subtended by a bract. Flowers consist of perianth segments of which the 3 outer are green and the 3 inner white or pale pink. Fruit are one-seeded achenes (nutlets), 2-2.5 mm long, clustered into 18-20 fruited aggregates.


Common in central Victoria and Gippsland, scattered elsewhere in fresh-water creeks, lakes and swamps.

RegionSalinity ClassWaterlogging Class
Central and Northern, Western, GippslandS0W3, W4

      Water Plantain photos

      Leaves of Water-plantain
      Leaves of Water Plantain
      Photo: A J Brown
      Flower-head of Water-plantain
      Flower-head of Water Plantain
      Photo: A J Brown

      Water-plantain fruit
      Water Plantain fruit
      Photo: A J Brown

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