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Paradoxical Canary-grass

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Scientific Name:Phalaris paradoxa


Native to the Mediterranean and western Europe but widely naturalised.

Plant Description:

Tufted annual grass to 90 cm high with hairless but slightly rough leaves to 15 cm long and 9 mm wide. The flower-heads are dense, cylindrical, spike-like panicles from 3-10 mm long. Spikelets are 5-8 mm long with 3-nerved, long-pointed glumes with wings on the central nerve (or keel) with sharp points. Each spikelet has 3 flowers but the lower two are sterile and often minute or reduced to swellings.


Widespread across northern Victoria in irrigation ditches and on seasonally wet areas.

RegionSalinity ClassWaterlogging Class
Mallee, Loddon Murray, Central and Northern, WimmeraS0, *S1W0, W1, W2


Similar to other Canary-grasses, including
Phalaris (Phalaris aquatica) and Lesser Canary-grass (P. minor), from which it is largely distinguished by the nature of its winged glumes.
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