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134. Corinella - Older Volcanics

This information has been developed from one or more of these publications:

  • Sites of Geological and Geomorphological Significance in the Westernport Bay Catchment (1984) by Neville Rosengren.
  • Sites of Geological and Geomorphological Significance in the Western Region of Melbourne (1986) by Neville Rosengren
  • Sites of Geological and Geomorphological Significance on the Coast of Port Phillip Bay (1988) by Neville Rosengren.
  • Sites of Environmental Significance in the Flood Plain of the Upper Yarra Valley Region (1983) by Neville Rosengren, Douglas Frood and Kim Lowe (as part of a study of Sites of Environmental Significance by the University of Melbourne for the then Upper Yarra Valley and Dandenong Ranges Authority).
Geological heritage sites, including sites of geomorphological interest and volcanic heritage sites, are under regular revision by the Geological Society of Australia, especially in the assessment of significance and values. Reference should be made to the most recent reports. See the Earth Science Heritage section of the Geological Society of Australia website (external link) for details of geological heritage reports, and a bibliography.


Corinella – 617476. The site includes the coastal cliffs at Settlement Point, Corinella.
Image: Sites of Significance Westernport Bay
Wide shore platforms (A) at Corinella, Site 134


Corinella Road.


Crown land.


The coastal cliffs and shore platform provide extensive exposure of the basalts and tuffs of the Older Volcanics. The volcanics show various degrees of weathering including some beds which are almost entirely decomposed to basaltic clays. Soil horizons developed on top of some of the flows indicate that considerable time elapsed between some of the eruptions. Numerous original and secondary (weathering) structures can be seen in the cliff and shore platform exposures. The cliffs on the south of Settlement Point rise to 15 m and are some of the highest on the mainland coast of Westernport Bay.


State. This is one of the major exposures in Victoria of deeply weathered Older Volcanic rocks. It provides an easily accessible site to study the major characteristics of these rocks and the shoreline profile developed on them.

Class 2. No artificial structures e.g. sea walls should be built on the cliff face or at the cliff base. Filling or reclamation of the inter-tidal area on the north-west, west and south of Settlement Point should not be permitted. Construction of a footpath down the cliff face at one or more points here would facilitate access and reduce the damage and degradation that uncontrolled traffic causes on the weathered horizons.

Sites 134 135 136
Sites 133, 134, 135 & 136, Corinella area
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