Victoria has a wide variety of soil types that reflect differences in soil forming processes dictated by factors such as geology, landform, stream activity, vegetation, climate and age (i.e. degree of weathering). Soil underpins the productive potential of Victorian agriculture and forestry and the majority of soils are generally highly productive under good management practices.
Victorian Resources Online presents a wide range of soil information where a number of broadscale soil maps of Victoria are presented. More detailed soil maps and information will be progressively developed.
Broad scale landscape mapping with associated soils information can be found under the Landform section and then under Land Systems within each region (one level up from the Soil page). These studies are generally at a scale of 1:250 000.
Mid scale soils information can be found under the Soil section then under Soil/Landform Mapping . These studies are generally at a scale of 1:100 000. Examples include the Land Resource Assessment (soil/landscape mapping)studies carried out for many of the catchment management regions.
Finer scale (more detailed) soils information can also be found under the Soil section as Detailed Soil Surveys. These are generally at a scale of 1:25 000 to 1:32 000 and mainly cover irrigation regions.
Other soils information can be found under the Land Use section as part of Land Capability Studies/Assessments (one level up from the Soil page). These surveys are generally at a landscape mapping scale of 1:25 000.
The Soil and Land Survey Directory allows you to access soil and land survey information by searching within a specific Local Government Areas (LGA) or catchment management (CMA) region.
Soil Health refers to the 'fitness' (or condition) of soil to support specific uses (e.g. crop growth). This section provides a range of information on soil health, including a 'soil health checklist', 'soil health management plan', information sheets and key legacy documents.
Overview maps of surface and subsoil pH for Victoria, together with general information about soil pH and its significance for agriculture.
Overview maps of soil surface and subsoil texture for Victoria.
Sodicity is a key issue that influences soil behaviour. A new map showing the distribution of sodic subsoils in Victoria is available here.
This section provides information generated from key workshops led by the Department, as well as events involving Soil Science Australia. Reports from workshops, recent project outputs and upcoming events.
Soil and Land Survey Directory
Contains details of over 100 major soil and land surveys conducted in Victoria. Also, provides information on the history of soil survey in Victoria.
By understanding the behaviour of soils we can maximise their use in a sustainable way.
Soil structural degradation, nutrient decline, acidification and erosion can occur for many soils which are poorly managed.
Victorian State Soil
A State Soil of Victoria was selected by the Victorian Branch of the Australian Society of Soil Science Inc (ASSSI) during 2005. This section provides details of this process and information about a range of contenders for State Soil.
Land Theme Report (external link) prepared for State of the Environment (SOE) 2001 reporting - on the Department of the Environment and Heritage website. Includes information on: soil erosion, soil and land pollution, and secondary salinity and acidity in Australia.
The Soil Knowledge Exchange website (external link) is the web component of the Soil Knowledge Brokering Service being supported by the Victorian Catchment Management Council. The Soil Knowledge Exchange provides an aggregation of knowledge resources and links related to soils, as well as being a portal linking the soils community. Its function is to support and complement rather than substitute for other soils web resources.
Fertiliser Regulation in Victoria - DEPI regulates the content and labelling of fertilisers sold in Victoria to manage the risks from heavy metals and other contaminants in fertilisers. Continued use of fertilisers containing high levels of certain heavy metal contaminants in agricultural situations may lead to the accumulation of these contaminants in soils and residue levels in plant and animal products above Australian or international standards.
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