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Lake Elingamite

This information has been obtained from the report: Eruption Points of the Newer Volcanic Province of Victoria by Neville Rosengren. This report was published in 1994 and was prepared for the National Trust of Australia (Victoria) and the Geological Society of Australia (Victorian Division). The review of eruption points was based on an earlier unpublished manuscript Catalogue of the post-Miocene volcanoes of Victoria compiled by O P Singleton and E B Joyce (Geology Department, University of Melbourne 1970).

Geological heritage sites, including sites of geomorphological interest and volcanic heritage sites, are under regular revision by the Geological Society of Australia, especially in the assessment of significance and value. Reference should be made to the most recent reports. See the Earth Science Heritage (external link) section of the Geological Society of Australia website for details of geological heritage reports, and a bibliography.

Location:38 21 24S 143 00 20E (external link); 7521-3-4 (Cobden) & 7421-2-1 (Dixie) 752527. 5 km SW of Cobden. Oates Road and Rohans Road.

Lake Elingamite.

Land Tenure/Use:
Public land (lake and shoreline). Public boat ramp. Most of tuff ring and higher level lake shoreline is in private land. Pasture and grazing.

Type 7:

Tuff ring and maar crater.

Lake Elingamite is an almost perfectly circular maar 2 km in diameter which is completely enclosed by a tuff ring. The tuff ring rises to 15 m on the eastern side as a narrow ridge but on the west of the lake is lower and broader. The inner edge of the tuff ring is steep. This is unlikely to be initial explosion or collapse slope but rather a fossil cliff line eroded by wave action at higher lake levels.

140+ m; 15 m.


Lake Elingamite is a classical example of a simple maar or “Pulvermaar”. It displays different topography from other small maars with the even rim and steep inner cliffs. Much of the site is public land. The deposits of the lake floor have not been investigated but are likely to contain sedimentary/organic material that may be used to date the age of the eruption and are significant for palaeoclimatic studies of western Victoria.


Ollier, C.D. & Joyce, E.B. 1964. Volcanic physiography of the Western Plains of Victoria.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 77, pp 357-376.
Ollier , C.D.1967b. Maars: their characteristics, varieties and definition. Bulletin volcanologique 31, pp. 45-73.
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