Australian Soil Classification: Vertic, Hypercalcic, Black CHROMOSOL
General Landscape Description: Low hills.
Site Description: Lower hill slope.
Land Use: Vineyard.
Geology: Neogene sediments, highly consolidated ferruginised sandstone.
Soil Profile Morphology:
|A11||0-9 cm||Very dark grey (7.5YR3/1); sandy loam; moderate fine subangular blocky structure; rough faced peds; weak consistence dry; pH 6.8; clear change:|
|A12||9-30 cm|| Very dark greyish brown (10YR3/2); sandy clay loam; massive; earthy fabric; weak consistence dry; contains a few medium ferruginous nodules; pH 6.4; abrupt change:|
|B21||30-55 cm||Black (10YR2/1) with a few medium faint yellowish brown (10YR5/4) and dark red (2.5YR3/6) mottles; medium heavy clay; strong very coarse lenticular parting to coarse angular blocky, parting to medium angular blocky structure; smooth faced peds; strong consistence moderately moist; pH 7.5; gradual and wavy change:|
|B22||55-90 cm||Brown (10YR5/3) with many distinct coarse very dark grey (10YR3/1) and yellowish red (5YR4/6) mottles; medium clay; strong coarse angular blocky, parting to medium angular blocky structure (with occasional lenticular structure); smooth faced peds; strong consistence dry; common distinct cutans evident; pH 8.2; gradual change:|
|B3||90–130 cm||Yellowish brown (10YR5/6) with common distinct dark yellowish brown (10YR4/6) and black (10YR2/1) mottles; light clay; moderate medium angular blocky and polyhedral structure; smooth faced peds; very firm consistence dry; contains very few medium soft calcareous segregations; many very distinct cutans evident; pH 9.2; gradual change:|
|C||130+ cm||Yellowish brown (10YR5/4) with many distinct black (10YR2/1) and white (7.5YR8/1) mottles; medium clay (sandy); weak to moderate polyhedral structure; rough faced peds; firm consistence dry; medium sized calcareous soft segregations common; pH 9.3.|
(at 90-130 cm)
Very Strongly Alkaline
|The surface is slightly acid. The upper subsoil is slightly alkaline and the deeper subsoil is very strongly alkaline.||The salinity rating in the surface is medium The upper subsoil has a low salinity rating becoming medium at depth.|