|Scientific name:||Rubus rugosus Sm.|
Recorded in Thailand, Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malay Peninsula on forest margins between 700 – 1,300 metres (eds Smitin and & Larsen). Occasional in semi-evergreen forests (Saldanha 1985). Found under slight shade, in bushy thickets, along edges of jungles or in dense mossy forests. In Sri Lanka, confined to upper montane zone above 2,000 m alt. (Dassanayake & Fosberg eds 1980).